In this brief blog, we are going to discuss how to start saving for a house at 18.

If you are living in the UK, in London or any major city in the world then it is very likely that house prices are rising and you are wondering how to save for a house and if you will be able to afford a house.

## How to start saving for a house at 18

To start saving for a house at 18 there are a few things you will need to do. We have listed a few of the main things you need to do to start saving for a house at 18.

Following these steps will ensure you are in the very best position to buy a house in the years ahead.

Steps to start saving for a house at 18:

• Calculate your likely mortgage deposit
• Calculate other costs of homeownership
• Get a second job
• Cut down on your expenses
• Start a budget
• Collect vouchers
• Shop at cashback merchants
• Get a cashback credit card
• Put your money in an ISA or Index fund
• Keep your eyes on Government schemes
• Use a property ladder app

### Calculate your likely mortgage deposit

The first thing you want to do is now how much the mortgage deposit you will need to put down for your house will be.

If you want to buy a commercial property such as a buy to let investment first then you may need to put down as much as 25% for your mortgage deposit.

If you want to buy a residential property then you may need to put down a mortgage deposit of as little as 5% of the property price.

To calculate what mortgage deposit you may need to put down you should look back at historic price growth in the area you want to buy. How much have property prices grown on average each year?

You should then do a future price forecast by estimating the average price growth each future year in the area you want to buy from.

This will give you an idea of what house prices may be in that area when you are finally ready to buy.

Alternatively, you could simply have a maximum budget you are trying to spend at the time when you are ready and stick to this, regardless of what property prices may be.

This will, of course, mean you are flexible in regards to where you live and the type of property you live in.

### Calculate other costs of homeownership

If you want to start saving for a house at the age of 18 then you shoild be aware that there wil be other costs to cater for outside of your mortgage deposit.

If you are in the UK then you will have to pay for stamp duty costs although you may be able to claim from the first-time buyer stamp duty relief if this is still avalable when you are reaydto purchase your home.

The first time buyer stamp duty relief is omly available to firt-time buyers bying a home which is sold at a value less than £500,000.

Aside from the stamp duty cost which is a legal land tax there may be other similar taxes in other countries e.g the land and buodings transaction tax etc

These costs arent the only costs you shoudl cosnider if you want to start saving for a house at the age of 18.

You should also consider:

•  the council house tax or any similar costs,
• Home improvement costs
• Home renovation costs
• Home insurance costs
• The costs of utility such as Gas, electricity, water and broadband.

If you want to start saving for a hoiuse at the age of 18 then you mauy want to consider planning your career properly so you are able to afford the house which you want to buy.

A proper carer plan will ensure you have enough earnings at the time when you intend to purchase.

This means you will need to decide what sort of job you will need to earn the sort of income that is required for the house you need to purchase and this will subsequently influence what degree you choose to purchase at university and what su jects you choose to take prior to university at college level or A-levels if relevant.

### Get a second job

If you want to start saving for a hosue from the age of 18 then one of th key things you wil need to do is ensure you have enough income so you canbegin saving for a house immediately.

This means you may need to have two jobs or a part time job which prvides you siufficient income to put away a bit of that each month in a savings account or an appropriate govenrment scheme.

A second job will help you save for a house from the age of 18 and will put you years ahead of your peers who dont.

### Cut down on your expenses

Another important thing to do when looking to start saving dfor house fr the ageof 18 is to cut down on yur current expenses.

Cutting down on your expenses will ensure you haveany necessary dosposable income which you cna then ut away in a relevant savings account.

You may choose to cut down on night outs, outings to restaurants or gym memberships and save that money towards your mortgage deposit.

### Start a budget

If you want to start saving for a hous at the age of 18 then you should certainly start a strict budget which you will hope to stick to throughout the time it takes you to purchase yourfirst house.

Your duget will ofcours have to be adaptable and change as your annual or monthly income increases and you should cater for this by setting the prjnciples on which your budget is based on e.g saving 30% of your monthly dipsosable income each month.

There are many budgetting tools which allow you to begin saving but none which focus onsaving for a home as Huuti does with its proeprty laddder plan.

### Collect vouchers

If you want to startv saving for a house at the age of 18 then you may want to consider using vouchers to bring the cost of your monthly expienses as low as they could possibly be

Many merchants offer vouchers foruniversity students and to the general public which could save you on meals, gyms and even travel.

You should look for a reliable and steady source for vouchers which can cut your monthly expenses and ensure you have more money tp save towards the mortgage deposit for your home.

### Shop at cashback merchants

Aside from using vouchers you may also want to shop at merchants who offer cashback.

This will allow you to reduce the cost of your monthly espenses and have more money to put towards the savings pot for your mortgage deposit.

### Get a cashback credit card

You may also want to consider getting a cashback credit card which pays you cashback whenever you use the credit card. This could help you sigifcantly reduce the cost of your monthly expenses.

You should note that when appying for a cashback credit card itis best to use a crdit card eligilbity checker which displays if you are eligble for the cashback credit card or not rather than applying bindly and risk getting rejected for a credit card which may damage your score.

If you want to start saving for a hosue at 18 then younshoild be very cosnscious of your credit score and how this could potentially affect your eligiblity for a mortgage if you plann to use a mortgage to purchase your home.

Your credit score is one of the factors mortgage lenders use to determine your creditworthiness and subsequently your mortgage affordability.

#### What is your credit score & history?

Your credit score and history is a reprot which displays your credit behavour for a set period of time. In the UK your credit score displays your credit behaviour for the past 6 years.

Your credit score will contain information supplied to the credit bureuas (usually on a monthly basis) by credit providers and utility providers which you have agreements with.

Your credit reportt may also contain rent reporting data.

Your credit score will also contain data such as:

• If you are registered in the ecltoral roll and at what adress
• All credit accounts you have had within the last 6 years. Open and closed accounts
• All public court records which may affect your ceditworthiness such as the country court records, the banlruptcy records
• Your credit report may also contain information from organisations such as CIFAS.

## How to improve your credit score

You can improve your credit score by doing the below things but you should be aware that improving your credit score will take at least a few months.

### Open a bank account or credit account

The simplest thing you can do to establish or improve your credit score is to open a bank account or any other credit account.

By opening a bank account you open an account which gets reported to the credit bureaus as an account on your credit report.

The longer you have this account open for the longer you will have a credit history. It usually takes 3 years from you opening an account which gets reported on your credit file before you will have any credit history which can be seen by others.

Opening a bank account also allows you to have an account on your credit file with a verified home address. This means it will be easier for you to access credit products in the future.

A bank account might also be the easiest way to get a credit card as banks are more willing to offer credit cards to account holders as they can view your account history and see how credit worthy you are even if you have a low credit score.

To Build credit you need credit so one of the ways to improve your credit score or build credit is by having an overdraft. You then need to show good behaviour when you have access to this credit.

By asking your bank to give you an overdraft facility you will have a credit account open on your credit file which boosts your credit score.

You will also have the ability to use your available credit, sticking to the 30% maximum credit utilization golden rule per credit account and thereby showing good credit behaviour which should boost your credit score even further. Always repay your overdraft as soon as you can to avoid any fees.

### Get a Household Utility in your name

Some utility accounts are now being reported on your credit file and having one in your name is a very good way to improve your credit score. This means that your payment history on your gas, electric and telephone service will affect your credit score.

By getting yourself named as the account holder on these services you can establish and improve your credit score if your bills are paid on time and there are no balances or defaults on the Utility account.

If you live in a shared accommodation be sure to avoid any disputes and get payment for utilities well in advance so as to avoid any of your house mates holding you hostage and ruining your credit file.

Do you live with your parents? Ask them to put your name, date of birth and address on the utility bill. This will open a new account on your credit file and ensure you begin to get credited for the regular payments being made on the account.

If payments are missed on the account this could negatively affect your credit score so you must ensure payments are not missed.

You can also simply get a cheap phone on contract. A £5/month contract will be achievable with little or no credit history as the risk of default is very low and making regular repayments to your phone contract will boost your credit file.

You should avoid applying for more expensive phones with no credit file or score as this could damage your credit score even further even though you don’t have one.

Not all utility providers report your payment history to the credit bureaus so you may want to inquire with the utility provider before opening an account.

### Keep your credit utilization below 30%

Your credit utilization is one of the factors that affects your credit score. The golden rule is to use no more than 30% of your available credit. If you are currently using above this then reducing your credit utilization below this limit will help improve your credit score

### Pay down your credit card balance & other debts

Credit card balances and credit debts are recorded on your credit file. These balances have a negative impact on your score(especially when your revolving debt is over 30% of your available revolving credit) as well as costing you in interest rate charges and fees.

Paying down your credit card balances, loan balances or any default you have on utility and credit accounts will help improve your credit score.

### Paying your credit card balance in full each month

Making only the minimum payment on your credit card means you have an outstanding balance which is recorded on your credit file.This negatively influences your credit file. Paying your credit balance on time full in each month will help improve your credit score

### Make your credit repayments on time

Making your credit repayments on time will also ensure you avoid negative credit markers such as:

• Defaults
• County court judgments
• Missed repayments
• bankruptcy

### Get on the electoral roll

The easiest way to improve your credit score is to register to vote as this data is recorded on the public register which the credit bureaus check and include in your credit file. This is the first way to prove your identity and by far the easiest.

In the future when you apply for credit or a credit check is done, this will be the basis of their verification method for you and helps make you seem more creditworthy. You should check with your local council here if you are already on the electoral roll and if not you can register to vote here.

If you are not eligible to vote in the UK you will not be able to get on the electoral roll. In this case you can get a similar benefit by submitting a document to either Experian, Equifax or callcredit proving your identity and address. You can then ask them in writing to confirm that they have verified your identity on your credit file

### Get a credit builder card

To improve your credit score you could get a credit builder card. Credit Builder cards are similar to secured credit cards as they are targeted towards people with low or no credit scores.

Credit Builder cards do not require security deposits but as with secured credit cards they will have low credit limits and high APRs.

A student credit card will likely be available on the same terms as a credit builder card. The best place to get this might be from your bank as they will be more likely to approve you for this type of card due to already having an idea of your income and expenses.

Store credit cards are usually easy to get approved for too.There are also credit builder prepaid cards which charge a monthly fee which is then recorded on your credit file as repaying a debt. This helps you build your credit score.

### Get a secured credit card

Secured credit cards can be used to improve your credit score as they allow you to show you can make credit repayments, they add to your available credit which will improve your score and they allow you to show a low credit utilization which will improve your credit score.

Getting approved for most credit cards will be difficult if you have a low credit score but a secured credit card can help you overcome this.

Secured credit cards will approve you if you pay a deposit as part of your secured credit card application.

This deposit is usually your credit limit or a percentage of your credit limit. Secured credit cards aren’t very common in the Uk.

Capital one was known to offer one and you should contact them to see if this is still available.

You should be aware that secured credit cards will have low credit limits and high APRs. This can lead you to fall into serious debt if you fail to keep up your monthly credit repayments.

### Get a credit builder loan

Another way to improve your credit score is by using a credit builder loan.

Credit Builder loans, just as they sound, help you build credit. The idea is you take out a loan but rather than receiving the loan funds these are deposited in an account(usually to earn interest) and you make repayments to the loan provider every month.

As you make these loan repayments on time your credit file records this and your credit score improves. At the end of the loan term you get all your loan repayments and whatever interest you have gained.

Loqbox is a credit builder loan provider in the UK.

### Get a cosigner for a credit card or loan or become an authorised user

If you can’t get a credit builder loan, credit builder card or secured credit card then your next bet to help you improve your credit score will be to get yourself a cosigner on a credit card or loan.

You should really only do this if you are likely to repay your credit cards or loans on time and in full every month.

If you fail to make your credit card repayments on time then this may affect your co-signer’s credit score too. If you make these repayments on time your credit score will rise and the payments will be registered on your credit file for at least 6 years.

Getting a cosigner on a credit card or loan creates a financial relationship between yourselves. This means any negative behaviour from them might affect your credit score negatively and vice versa.

A cosigner essentially allows you to qualify for credit and in some cases cheaper credit. A cosigner will also be legally responsible for any debt owed on the account if you default.

Another way to help improve your credit score is by becoming an authorised user on someone else’s credit card.

The difference between authorised users and cosigners isn’t that much. Becoming an authorised user on someone else’s credit card will help you improve your credit score if the main card holder makes all their repayments in full and on time each month as well as keeping their credit balance low.

some credit card companies might not take you into account and may not collect this data and hence report it on your credit report.

You should contact the credit card company asking them to report the fact that you are an authorised user on the credit card to the credit bureaus.

Becoming an authorised user does not give you any liability, so if the main card holder defaults you won’t be held liable but it does affect your credit score if the account is mismanaged or goes into default.

### Keep your credit accounts open as long as possible

Closing credit accounts can negatively impact your credit score as this reduces the number of accounts with a credit history. This is especially worse if the credit account you close is one with a long history. The account will no longer be open and will therefore not count towards the majority of your credit score.

Unused credit accounts which don’t have long histories can be closed as they do not add to your credit score. Having access to too much unused credit may also be seen as negative.

### Avoid payday loans

Most lenders look down on payday loans as they view people who take out these loans to be desperate and hence financially irresponsible.

Paydayloans will therefore have a negative influence on your credit file and you should avoid them.

### Avoid making too many credit applications

Making applications for utility or credit can reduce your credit score. This is because everytime a utility or credit provider is about to open a new account they will do a hard credit search. You should only apply for credit or utility which you are pre-approved for. If you make multiple credit applications then multiple hard credit searches will be done on your credit file.

This means your credit score will go lower as the credit bureau will view too many credit applications as you being desperate. If you stop making blind credit applications then your credit score will likely improve.

You should always use an eligibility checker to see if you will be approved for credit or utility accounts before you apply. These checks are done with soft credit searches which only you can see.

### Report your rent to the credit bureau

Another way to improve your credit score is by reporting your rental payments to the credit bureaus.

If you currently pay rent or paid rent within the last 3 years you will be able to report your rental payments to the credit bureau and this will be an account on your credit file showing your payment history.

Paying your rent on time will ofcourse improve your credit score whilst missed payments will reduce your credit score. The scheme is known as the rental exchange scheme and is currently only being offered via Experian.

### Increase your available credit limit

Increasing your credit limit will reflect on your credit file and improve your credit score as it shows lenders are willing to trust you with more money as well as reducing your current credit utilization (how much you spend in relation to how much credit you have available. The golden rule is a maximum of 30%).

You can ask your current card provider to increase your credit limit or let you know if you will be eligible for a credit limit. Also ask if they intend to run a hard credit search on you and do not consent to this unless they will pre-approve you for a credit limit increase.

### Open a new credit card account

Opening a new credit account will be your next option if your current credit card provider will not increase your credit limit. You essentially accomplish the same things as your available credit limit increases.

You must repay your balances on your credit card account every month and avoid using over 30% of your available credit. This is a good option if you want to improve your credit score.

### Have a good credit mix

Mix things up a little by having a varying degree of accounts on your credit file. Like your partner, credit bureaus like to see you mix things up a little bit. By this, we mean that a proportion of your credit score is ranked by how diverse the different types of credit you have been utilizing is.

Examples include:

Revolving accounts (i.e. credit cards, store cards)

Installment accounts (i.e. home equity line of credit, auto loans)

Open accounts (utility accounts)

### Check your credit score regularly

Checking your credit score regularly is one of the ways to ensure that the information on your credit score is indeed up to date.

It also informs you on what your credit score is and this allows you to have an idea of which credit providers may lend to you.

If you find any errors on your credit score or report you can contact all of the credit bureaus or the specific credit bureau where the error is mentioned and ask them to make the necessary corrections.

The credit bureaus will check and investigate the matter but in the meantime put a notice of correction on the record entry so that any third parties who are checking your credit score will be aware that the entry may be incorrect.

The credit bureau will usually let you know the outcome of their investigations within 28 days.

If you are unsure of what your credit score is then you should check your credit score from the four credit bureaus in the UK: Experian, Crediva, Equifax and Transunion.

Some of these credit bureaus may charge you a fee to view your credit report so what you can alternatively do is request a statutory credit report which is a free credit report which each credit bureau must provide to you upon you requesting it.

Alternatively, you can also use credit score services such as Checkmyfile and clearscore to check your credit report.

You should check your credit file for financial links that you don’t recognise. Some financial links can reduce your credit file as this might mean your credit score is going down due to someone else’s bad credit behaviour.

Any financial links which seem out of the blue can be removed from your credit file. Financial links can be generated by just sharing apartments with someone else, getting a loan with someone else, etc. You should ask the credit bureaus to correct this. As you remove these negative financial links your credit score should improve.

### Put your money in an ISA or Index fund

You may also want to consier putting your mney inan ISA account or a linked index fund account.

INDEX funds hav ebene known to outperorm the markets over a long period.

You should get indpendent financial advice on this.

### Keep your eyes on Government schemes

There are a variety of government schemes which may be able to help yu buy a house.

In some cases, these first-time buyer government schemes will reduce the amount of the property price and thereby increasing the amount of mortgage deposit you have in relation to the property value.

These schemes include:

• Lifetime ISA– gives you a government bonus of £1,000 if you save a maximum £4,000 a year.
• Help to buy ISA– gives a maximum bonus us £3,000 if you save the maximum allowed of £12,000. Before you get either you should consider which is better. Lifetime ISA vs Help to buy ISA.
• Help to buy equity loan– gives you up to 40% as a 5-year interest-free equity loan. You begin to pay interest at 1.75 % after the fifth year and 1% plus RPI for every year thereafter.
• Shared ownership– You can buy between 25% to 75% of the property initially with a shared ownership mortgage and then buy more using a staircasing mortgage.
• Armed forces help to buy– similar to the help to buy equity loan but specific for the armed forces personnel giving them an increased chance of acceptance.
• Rent to buy– This is the right to buy scheme on which this guide is currently discussing. A different marketing name is just used. Watch out for this when shopping to avoid missing out on eligible properties due to confusion.
• Preserved right to buy– same as above.
• Right to acquire– similar to the above.

Depending on where you live, you may also be able to take advantage of home buying schemes provided by your local council. Example: In Norwich, the local councils provide the Norwich home options scheme.

### Use a property ladder app

If you want to start saving for a house at 18 then you may want to cosider using a proeprty ladder app susch as Huuti.

You may want to use an independent mortgage broker to help you get a mortgage on your new home.

Mortgage brokers are important as they can access mortgage products from across the whole of the market in some cases.

This could be over 11,000 mortgage products. This may have some advantages rather than going directly to a mortgage lender.

A mortgage broker will look to understand your financial circumstances and then provide recommendations on which mortgage products may be suitable for you based on your mortgage affordability.

After giving you these mortgage recommendations, most mortgage brokers will seek your consent to apply for a mortgage in principle

This will allow you to shop for your home as more estate agents and sellers may take you seriously and it will also give you confidence that your mortgage is indeed a possibility before you make a full mortgage application.

Once you have found a home you want to buy and are satisfied with the mortgage offer for your mortgage then the mortgage broker will then look to get you a mortgage offer.

This will come with a key facts illustration document that details the features of your mortgage including how much you will pay per month.

It will also contain information on if there are any limits such as early repayment fees, or annual overpayment limits.

If you are happy with everything you can then go on to secure your mortgage with the help of a conveyancer.

Your conveyancer will manage the legal searches on the property to ensure there aren’t any issues with it.

They will oversee the sales agreement to ensure it is in your best interest, they will manage the transfer of mortgage funds, exchange contracts with the seller or their conveyancer, and set a completion date with the seller or their conveyancer.

This will then bring an end to the conveyancing process, at which point you will receive the keys to the house and move in.

In this brief blog, we discussed how to start saving for a house at 18.

If you have any questions or comments then please let us know.

If you are in need of advice about your money and you live in the UK then you may contact the Money Advice service over the phone or via chat for impartial advice.

You can also contact the debt charity “Step Change” if you are in debt and need help.

If you need financial advice and you live in the UK then you could contact the Money Advice service over the phone or via chat for impartial advice.

You can also contact the debt charity “Step Change” if you are in debt and need help.

### John Bate

John has 22 years of experience in financial services. This spans across financial research, financial services (As a qualified mortgage broker and underwriter), financial trading and sales at global investment banks. While working as a publishing research analyst, he covered European bank credit and advised institutional clients on investment strategies at both JP Morgan and Societe Generale. John has passed all three levels of the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) programme.

### John Bate

John has 22 years of experience in financial services. This spans across financial research, financial services (As a qualified mortgage broker and underwriter), financial trading and sales at global investment banks. While working as a publishing research analyst, he covered European bank credit and advised institutional clients on investment strategies at both JP Morgan and Societe Generale. John has passed all three levels of the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) programme.