A statemented child is one who has been assessed for their education needs and declared as someone with Special Education Needs by the Education Authority. The purpose of this article is to explore the state benefits that a statemented child can claim in the UK. In addition to this, we will also delve into the details of how DLA (among other applicable benefits) applies to a statemented child and can be claimed by their parents.
A What Is A Statemented Child Entitled To?
A statemented child or a child with Special Education Needs (SEND) is entitled to Carer’s Allowance and Disability Living Allowance. However, both these benefits must be claimed by the child’s parents as they will be responsible for receiving, managing and spending the payments for the living and educational expenses of their child.
SEND benefits are applicable in cases where
- you are caring for a child with special education needs or a disability
- or you are a young person (over 16 years of age) with SEND
Parents of children with SEND are eligible for a Disability Living Allowance from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP). This is a non-taxable, non-means-tested state benefit that caters to the care and mobility needs of individuals affected by dyslexia, dyspraxia or ADHD.
The Disability Living Allowance for a child under 16 years of age is currently £23.70 and £152.15; depending on the level of care the child needs. Disability Allowance for children is paid every 4 weeks; the rates for 2021-22 are classified as follows:
- Lowest rate: £23.70
- Middle rate: £60.00
- Highest rate: £89.60
- Lower rate: £23.70
- Higher rate: £62.55
Apart from this, there are certain benefits termed Universal Benefits that can be claimed by parents, carers or people with Special Education Needs. These include the following:
- Funded Childcare
- Child Tax Credit
- Cold Weather Payment
- Council Tax Reduction
Who Is Eligible For Disability Living Allowance?
Below are the eligibility criteria to claim DLA for a child:
- be under 16 years of age
- living in England, Wales, a European Economic Area (EEA) country or Switzerland
- lived in the UK Great Britain for a minimum period of 6 of the recent 1 year (this applies to a child above 3 years of age)
- be a habitual resident of the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man or the Channel Islands
- should not be subject to immigration control
- require additional care or have walking difﬁculties
DLA is currently being replaced with Personal Indepdnacne Payment (PIP). If you are above 16 years of age and below the state pension age, you may be able to claim Personal Independence Payment for a disability such as dyslexia.
What Is Disabled Students Allowance?
The Disabled Students Allowance (DSA) applies to students who face difficulty in studying due to the following conditions:
- learning difficulty; this includes dyslexia, dyspraxia, or ADHD
- mental health conditions including anxiety or depression
- physical disabilities such as partial sightedness or use of crutches
- prolonged health conditions, such as cancer, chronic heart disease, or HIV
If you qualify for DSA, you can get help with the following costs:
- specialist equipment such as a computer
- non-medical helpers like a British Sign Language (BSL) interpreter or specialist note taker
- Additional commute to attend courses
- disability-related study support such as printing additional copies of documents for proof-reading
During the 2021 to 2022 academic year, undergraduate and postgraduate students claim up to £25,000 a year for support through DSA. There is no age limit to your eligibility for this benefit.
What Is Carer’s Allowance?
If an individual is responsible for taking care of someone (at least 35 hours per week) with a disability or old age and is a recipient of Attendance Allowance, they may qualify for the Carer’s Allowance. This includes helping with basic household chores such as cooking or washing, assisting with doctor’s appointments for the person in care, managing their bills, and shopping.
Additionally, the applicant must also be able to fulfil the below criteria:
- 16 years or older
- A resident of England, Scotland, or Wales
- Lived in England, Scotland, or Wales for a minimum of 2 of the last 3 years or if they have been granted humanitarian protection
- Not pursuing full-time education
- Not studying for more than 21 hours a week
- Earning £128 or less per week
Does Carer’s Allowance Affect Universal Credit?
Yes, the carer’s allowance affects universal credit. The reason for this is that counts as an income in consideration of your universal credit claim. While a rise in income such as a carer’s allowance may reduce your universal credit claim, it may qualify you for additional credits since you are a carer.
During 2021-2022, the weekly amount for the carer’s allowance is set at £67.60. You may be able to claim this amount if you are able to fulfil the below conditions:
- You spend a minimum of 35 hours per week caring for someone
- You are above 16 years of age
- You are not in full-time education
- You earn less than or equal to £128 per week (after tax, national insurance and expenses)
Additionally, the person that you are caring for must be on either of the following benefits:
- Attendance Allowance
- Armed Forces Independence Payment
- Disability Living Allowance
- Personal Independence Payment
Who Is Eligible For Universal Credit?
To qualify for Universal Credit, claimants must be able to fulfil the below eligibility criteria:
- aged between 18 (in some cases it may be 16 or 17) and state pension age
- unemployed or on low income
- between the claimant and their partner, total savings are less than £6,000
- experiencing high costs for childcare
- suffering from a disability or health condition
- caring for someone else
The amount of Universal Credit that an individual receives depends on their personal circumstances and income (if any). For instance, someone who is single and younger than 25 years of age will be eligible for Universal Credit amounting to around £257 per month. Meanwhile, this amount will rise to around £509 for someone who is living with a partner and either one of them or both of them are above the age of 25.
Who Is Eligible To Receive Attendance Allowance?
To confirm eligibility for Attendance Allowance, individuals are assessed on the below criteria:
- State Pension Age: This is the earliest age at which a state pension may be received. To check whether an individual has qualified and/or surpassed the bracket to attain Attendance Allowance, a simple click on this link may be helpful Check your State Pension age – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)
- Independence: Individuals who may require help with washing themselves, getting dressed, or who need to be monitored to remain safe during the day or night are considered eligible.
- Health Needs: In case of any physical or mental illness, disability, or terminal illness that may increase the requirement of being supervised or being taken care of by someone else.
- Location: Claimants must be in England at the time of making the claim. Additionally, they must have lived in England for at least 2 of the previous 3 years.
Where applicable, it is advisable to attach the following support documents to the form:
- doctors letters
- sick notes
Who Gets A Disabled Facilities Grant?
To be eligible for a Disabled Facilities Grant, the applicant must fulfil the below conditions:
- Either the applicant or a member of their household is living with a disability
- The affected person must either be a house owner or tenant who intends to continue living on the premises for a minimum of five years
The amount of funding that the applicant will receive in this case will depend on their income and savings, which will be assessed through a means test. On the basis of the results, the council will decide the amount that they may be able to arrange through the grant and the amount that the applicant is expected to pay.
In addition to wetrooms, the Disabled Facilities Grant can also provide for the following:
- Improvement of garden safety
- Widening of doors to improve access
- Construction of an external ramp
- Improved heating and lighting installations
- Installation of stair and through floor lifts
- Kitchen improvements to facilitate food preparation
From the above discussion, one may be able to conclude that a statemented child or a child with Special Education Needs (SEND) is entitled to Carer’s Allowance and Disability Living Allowance. However, both these benefits must be claimed by the child’s parents as they will be responsible for receiving, managing and spending the payments for the living and educational expenses of their child. The Disability Living Allowance for a child under 16 years of age is currently £23.70 and £152.15; depending on the level of care the child needs.
FAQs: What Is A Statemented Child Entitled To?
How do I get a statement for my child?
To get a statement of Special Education Needs for your child, you need to apply for a Statuary Assessment. If your child is school going, you can ask the school for an assessment; otherwise, you can request your local council authorities.
Can a child be statemented without a diagnosis?
You do not need to have results of a formal diagnosis before you start with an Education Health and Care Plan (EHCP or EHC plan) or an Individual Education Plan (IEP). These plans can commence while the diagnosis is carried on.
What is EHCP?
EHCP stands for Education, Health and Care Plan. It is a documented plan that sets out the social, emotional, educational and healthcare needs of a child or an individual who needs extraordinary support beyond what a regular school can provide.
What does it mean if a child is on the SEN register?
If a child is on an SEN register, it means that they have Special Education Needs. This means that they have a disability or a learning difficulty that makes the regular school curriculum a challenge and they need additional support.
Is an EHCP the same as an IEP?
Essentially, an Education Health and Care Plan (EHCP or EHC plan) is quite similar in its purpose to an Individual Education Plan (IEP). Both these plans aim to provide support to a child with special education needs so that they may progress in academics and social behaviour.